MercoPress, en Español

Montevideo, December 3rd 2016 - 02:22 UTC

Latam needs structural reforms and equality to consolidate as economic power

Thursday, December 6th 2012 - 07:49 UTC
Full article 8 comments
Great advances in the last decades but also many reforms pending to end poverty and grant equal opportunities to all Great advances in the last decades but also many reforms pending to end poverty and grant equal opportunities to all

Economics and finance experts said Latin American must address structural reforms as part of the essential process to consolidate as an economic power and look after the Asian market.

At an event in Madrid for the launching of “The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Political Economy”, the experts also underlined the need to ensure institutional stability in the region to continue advancing along the path of progress.

“Although not all the region is on a positive path, certain countries for over a decade have been involved in serious well executed quality reforms” said Javier Santiso editor of the book and member of the Business School ESADE.

“In 2002 Argentina and Brazil did not enjoy the trust of markets but with the reforms implemented by President Lula da Silva the Brazilian situation has changed completely. And Argentina opted fro another path”, added Santiao who also mentioned that Asia is the market the region must look after given the growing links.

“Latin America is heading towards Asia, it is opening to China and India and currently Chile exports more to Asia than to the rest of the world”, pointed out Santiao who mentioned Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Peru and Mexico as the countries that most respect free markets and thus “why they receive most attention from international investors”.

However former Peruvian Economy and Finance minister Luis Carranza said that the need for reforms in Latam is “still enormous” and there has not been sufficient advance in opening markets, promoting trade and in education affairs.

Regarding regional integration Carranza underlined that the dominance of Brazil “makes it impossible, or very difficult to integrate among equals”, since between Brazil and Mexico they already represent over 60% of the region’s GDP.

Christian Daude, head of the Office for the Americas from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD, warned that inequality, extreme poverty and poor fiscal policies persist in many countries and “these are the issues the governments must attack”.

“There are few opportunities for people to advance. Growth in the region continues under the umbrella of a very favourable global context” and it is important to underline that “the emerging middle class need to occupy their right place which will bring along new demands”.

Finally Emilio Ontiveros chair of consultants Analistas Financieros Internacionales shared Daude’s view and said the problems and challenges facing Latin America in the next few years will be closely linked to the inequality among its citizens.

“When the current Latam situation is described as a success, there is also a sweet-sour feeling. Experience tells us that inequality is never profitable in the medium or long term. There is too much to be done in this field”, concluded Ontiveros.
 

Categories: Economy, Politics, Latin America.

Top Comments

Disclaimer & comment rules
  • Condorito

    “Latin America is heading towards Asia, it is opening to China and India and currently Chile exports more to Asia than to the rest of the world”

    We export so much to Asia because that is where the demand currently is. The Chilean strategy is actually to export to all major economies with the aim of not being overly dependent on any single one. The annual growth forecast has been upgraded again, so we are doing something right.

    “the dominance of Brazil “makes it impossible, or very difficult to integrate among equals”” - absolutely right. Like I have have said, Mercosue has one giant, one dwarf and 3 smurfs. You either have the giant steamrollering the sovereignty of the others or the smurfs throwing a spanner in the ecomonic works of the giant.

    Dec 06th, 2012 - 01:19 pm 0
  • GeoffWard2

    “the dominance of Brazil “makes it impossible, or very difficult to integrate among equals”” - absolutely right.
    Mercosur has one giant, one dwarf and 3 smurfs.
    You either have the giant steamrollering the sovereignty of the others
    or the smurfs throwing a spanner in the ecomonic works of the giant.”

    Good image, Condor!
    And with spanners permanently in Brasil's works, the future of the Continent has to shift to Chile, Peru and Colombia.
    ..... a bit like the European spanners in the German works.
    Brasil and Germany will stagger on, encumbered, and will never become the great countries they might have been.

    Dec 06th, 2012 - 02:17 pm 0
  • Conqueror

    Aaah, well. I'm using every available route to persuade relevant people to end the EU-mercosur negotiations on an Association Agreement. Do we want argie or venezuelan goods in Europe? Well, now that there seems to be a link between the flesh-eating MRSA bug and the use of antibotics in the LatAm food industry, I think not. And then a “trade agreement” is only one of 3 “pillars”. What are the political and co-operation “pillars” all about? Do we want to see the sort of political activities recently displayed by argieland, brazil, uruguay and venezuela in Europe? Wasn't fiddling the books to let Greece into the EU bad enough? More words to MPs, MEPs, government from as many people as possible. Keep LatAm out of Europe!

    Dec 06th, 2012 - 03:08 pm 0
Read all comments

Commenting for this story is now closed.
If you have a Facebook account, become a fan and comment on our Facebook Page!