Scotland's economy would be £12.7bn a year worse off under a so-called hard Brexit, according to analysis by the Scottish government. The figure is contained in a paper on the impact of UK withdrawal from the European Union. It calculates the cost to Scotland of the UK leaving the single market with or without a trade deal.
The UK government insists it is seeking a Brexit deal that will work for the whole of the UK. And the Scottish Conservatives dismissed the analysis as completely over-the-top scaremongering.”
Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon launched the paper with a speech in Edinburgh, alongside her Brexit minister Mike Russell. She said none of the options included was as good as staying in the European Union, but said retaining single market membership would be the least damaging approach.
For the sake of jobs, the economy and the next generation, today we are calling on the UK government to drop its hard Brexit red lines so that Scotland and the UK can stay inside the single market and customs union.”
The Scottish government document, titled Scotland's Place in Europe: People, Jobs and Investment, considers three potential outcomes for Scotland's economy when Britain exits the EU in March 2019. They include the impact of Scotland remaining within the single market and customs union or the UK securing a free trade agreement.
The final scenario considered is the impact on Scotland's GDP figures if trade with the EU reverts to so-called WTO (World Trade Organization) terms. That would involve the UK accepting tariffs on goods imported from, or exported to, the single market.
The Scottish government concludes that if UK was to pursue a WTO relationship, the cost to Scotland would be about 8.5% of GDP. That would be equivalent to £12.7bn a year by the year 2030, compared with current full EU membership, their analysis found. The paper says that would equate to a loss of about £2,300 per year for each person in Scotland.
If the UK achieves a free trade deal similar to that the EU struck with Canada - the only model Ms Sturgeon said was likely if Theresa May's government sticks to its current red lines - Scottish GDP would be 6.1% worse off by 2030, compared with the baseline of EU membership. This would equate to £9bn in 2016 cash terms, or £1,610 per person.
The paper estimates that retaining single market membership, which Mr Russell described as the least worst option, would see Scottish GDP 2.7% worse off come 2030, working out at £4bn in cash terms, or £688 per person.
Ms Sturgeon said single market membership would be the number one priority for the Scottish government when phase two of the Brexit talks begin, urging Mrs May not to repeat the mistakes of previous talks.
She said: It is time for the UK government to stop deluding itself, and misleading others, about what will happen if it maintains its red lines.