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Montevideo, February 17th 2019 - 16:48 UTC

Bolsonaro and Macri agree to “review and perfect” Mercosur, and advance trade talks with EU

Thursday, January 17th 2019 - 07:42 UTC
Full article 63 comments
The two leaders meeting for the first time underlined their opposition to Venezuela's authoritarian regime, and Macri called Nicolas Maduro a “dictator” The two leaders meeting for the first time underlined their opposition to Venezuela's authoritarian regime, and Macri called Nicolas Maduro a “dictator”
Bolsonaro’s commitment to Mercosur contrasted with his criticism of the customs union during his election campaign Bolsonaro’s commitment to Mercosur contrasted with his criticism of the customs union during his election campaign
Bolsonaro and Macri consider Maduro's regime out right illegitimate, and only recognize the president of the elected National Assembly Bolsonaro and Macri consider Maduro's regime out right illegitimate, and only recognize the president of the elected National Assembly

Brazil’s president Jair Bolsonaro and Argentina’s president Mauricio Macri said they agreed to continue integrating their economies (number one and two in South America), as strategic partners, by “perfecting” the Mercosur trade block and pressing ahead with negotiations that are already underway, such as the ongoing free trade and cooperation agreement with the European Union.

The two leaders meeting for the first time, and the first foreign visitor received by Bolsonaro since taking office, also underlined their opposition to Venezuela's authoritarian regime, and Macri going further and publicly calling president Nicolas Maduro a “dictator”.

Bolsonaro’s commitment to Mercosur contrasted with his criticism of the customs union during his election campaign, when he said it had become a leftist political forum and not a tool to boost trade.

But since taking office on January first, Mercosur two largest members are working in tandem on conservative agendas of free-market, business-friendly reforms and the strengthening of democracy in the region.

Bolsonaro and Macri agreed on joining the United States in ramping up pressure for democratic change in Venezuela, whose leftist-populist government they consider out right illegitimate, and only recognize the president of the elected National Assembly.

“Our cooperation with Argentina on the Venezuelan question it the clearest example of a convergence of positions and shared values,” Bolsonaro said after meeting with Macri.

Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Faurie said the only legally constituted power in Venezuela was the opposition-run Congress, National Assembly, whose leader the Trump administration is considering recognizing as the country’s legitimate president.

Macri and Bolsonaro “agree we want to defend freedom and the recovery of democracy in Venezuela,” Faurie told reporters.

Argentina and Brazil also signed a new extradition treaty to increase their cooperation in fighting organized crime, drug trafficking, corruption and money laundering.

In a joint statement, the presidents vowed to review Mercosur’s common external tariff, improve access to markets and move forward with trade facilitation and regulatory convergence.

Brazil is Argentina’s largest trade partner and Argentina is the main destination for Brazilian manufactured goods. But trade often took a back seat during leftist governments in both countries during the last decade and a half.

There has been a big drop in trade flows in recent years, when Argentina exported less to Brazil and Mercosur, as a whole, became less important to Brazil as a percentage of its global trade, dropping to 8.7% last year from 10.8% in 2011.

Bolsonaro would like to see more flexible rules allowing Brazil to negotiate bilateral agreements outside the bloc, which current rules limit. His economy minister Paulo Guedes has said Mercosur restricts Brazil too much and would not be a priority. A similar comment was made by Agriculture minister, Tereza Cristina Dias.

“Brazil will be a strong ally in building an integrated region,” Bolsonaro said. “We are confident Mercosur can be modernized.”

This could happen with two presidents who want to revamp the trade block, said Oliver Stuenkel, assistant professor of International Relations at the Getúlio Vargas Foundation in São Paulo.

“There is an opportunity because now we have two governments that agree it has not delivered and there is a need to re-energize Mercosur or whatever takes its place,” Stuenkel said.

Wednesday’s presidential meeting in Brasilia showed Mercosur is still high on Brazil’s agenda. Macri did not attend the inauguration of Bolsonaro, alleging political reasons although he was enjoying holidays in Patagonia. Diplomatic sources admitted Argentina wanted to express its discomfort with the incoming Brazilian administration since Bolsonaro anticipated his first overseas trip would be to Chile and the most successful example of a market friendly and open market economy in South America.

History and tradition indicate that in Argentina and Brazil, incoming presidents first overseas visit is to their strategic partner, over coming decades of dispute and rivalry of leadership in South America.

Top Comments

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  • Brit Bob

    Mercosur espouses democracy and democratic principles within its member states while ignoring the basic human and democratic rights of the Falkland Islanders: Mercosur – and the Falklands(1 pg):-
    https://www.academia.edu/37458216/Mersocur_and_the_Falklands

    Jan 17th, 2019 - 10:42 am 0
  • :o))

    Developing the Mercosur as a base; maybe they plan a much Bigger Game?:
    https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/reasons-latam-organized-crime-strengthen-2019/
    https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/reasons-latam-organized-crime-strengthen-2019/

    Jan 17th, 2019 - 06:51 pm 0
  • Patrick Edgar

    You live in a distortion cloud of nationalist delusional gran and selfish self importance Brit Bob. If the Argentinians are not speaking up louder on the truth, it is only because they are overwhelmed by the British financial and military power backed mediatic brainwashing logistic campaign to sell the world the bull sh** story of “Isander self determinatoin” equaling a valid territorial right to the islands. You're country has been mocking the world with this crap since they started on the people in Gibraltar being more important that the seriousness of an extortion trophy robbed from Spain as a political matter of global importance.
    The territorial claim and dispute over those islands exists way before Britain devisevly brought its own people on the the islands to give validity to their usurping attack on the Argentine settlement. Argentina is being VERY DEMOCRATIC, as it is not taking a military posture and simply exercising its denouncement against Britain diplomatically. It is the Islanders and Britain who ARE NOT being Democratic by disrespecting and dishonoring the Argentine territorial matter, not addressing the country diplomatically and instead bullying their will insultingly with the show of military power. Did the Islanders were never had any sovereign definition nor will of any kind, the only “self determination” they have exercised so far is stating they agree to be ruled by England. That is not the United Nation's wording purpose for “a people's self determination” They United Nations has always and only meant “self determination” in the face of removing an unwanted power off “a people's” will. And that could not mean Argentina, because Argentina is not seeking to rule the Islands or the Islanders. Argentina has a matter it wishes to dispute, an event that occurred in 1833 and it wants to argue that.
    This conflict has never been about what Argentina says or wants. It has always been about Britain being wrong, lying, deceiving, and suppressing truth

    Jan 17th, 2019 - 08:49 pm 0
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