After two years of the most severe recession facing Brazil, economic indicators continue to mark a more positive horizon for the Brazilian economy. Data released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) show that the Brazilian industry is heading for a recovery scenario.
Brazil and Mexico announced the renewal of vehicle quotas for four years, delaying the implementation of a free-trade agreement between the two countries. Under the new agreement, Brazil and Mexico will permit $1.56 billion of duty-free vehicle imports for the first year of the agreement. That amount will rise 3% each year until the agreement expires, in 2019, when they’ll return to a free-trade regime.
Anticipating what could be policy under a second government of President Dilma Rousseff, her Trade Minister Mauro Borges told Brazilian daily Folha do Sao Paulo that opening the country to more foreign trade would be a “disaster for Brazilian industry” and lead to the “mexicanization” of the economy, in reference to the light assembly factories known as “maquiladoras” that dominate Mexico’s non-oil exports.
Brazilian industrial output fell for the third straight month in May despite efforts from government to prop manufacturing through stimulus measures. Industrial production in Brazil fell 0.6% in May from April, and 3.2% from the same month a year ago, and 1.6% in the five months of 2014, government statistics agency IBGE said on Wednesday.
Brazilian industry production unexpectedly stalled in August, as factories reduced the output of consumer goods. Industrial output was unchanged in August after tumbling a revised 2.4% in July, the national statistics agency said in Rio de Janeiro.
The Brazilian industrial federation on Wednesday upped its 2013 growth forecast to 1.4% from 1% and its GDP growth projection from 2% to 2.4%. But, despite the better data, the National Confederation of Industry (CNI) urged caution. The improved economic outlook is no guarantee of a strong growth rate, it said.
Brazil is prepared for the event of a United States default if no agreement is reached in the US congress on the debt ceiling and will also implement a 30 billion dollars tax relief program to prop Brazilian industry competitiveness, announced Finance minister Guido Mantega.