Latin America's economic growth is set to come in lower than expected this year, as US protectionism and widespread wariness of emerging markets put a drag on the region, a UN panel said Thursday. The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) slashed its growth forecast for the region by 0.7 point to 1.5%, saying the complex global scenario had dimmed the outlook since its last report in April.
It has been a tough year for emerging markets across the board, with global trade tension taking its toll and the strong US dollar battering many currencies and bonds -- notably in Argentina and Turkey, which have faced full-blown currency crises.
ECLAC cited a laundry list of problems slowing Latin America's economies:
It has been a roller-coaster ride for emerging markets in recent years, and Latin America has been whipped around as much as any region. Growth in the emerging economies helped pull the world out of recession after the 2008 financial crisis, but the lingering effects of that crisis have taken their toll -- now exacerbated by the impact of US President Donald Trump's protectionist policies and the soaring dollar.
Latin America's economies posted solid growth of 6.2% in 2010, but then tipped into a two-year regional recession in 2015. The region's GDP returned to growth of 1.2% last year. But now its tepid recovery is in jeopardy.
Likewise some Latin American countries have found themselves in Trump's firing line. The most notable case is Mexico, which sends some 80% of its exports to the United States under the North American Free Trade Agreement. Trump has insisted on renegotiating that deal, and threatened to scrap it altogether.
The US president has hit Brazil, Mexico and Argentina with steel and aluminum tariffs or quotas, along with the European Union, Canada and other countries. The region also has suffered the indirect effects of the current global climate, one marked by uncertainty and volatility, said ECLAC.
ECLAC however predicted the region-wide primary deficit would fall to 0.5% of GDP this year, and that average inflation would remain within the expected range at 6.5% to June -- excluding regional basket-case Venezuela.
But the outlook is uneven across the region, said the head of the United Nations panel, Alicia Barcena, who presented the report in Mexico City. Mexico and Central America are doing better than South America in 2018, and Brazil, the region's largest economy, will grow 1.6% this year, up from 1.0 percent last year.
Mexico, the second-largest, will grow 2.2%, up from 2.0% last year. Argentina, the third-largest, is meanwhile facing a contraction of 0.3%, down from 2.9% growth last year. Oil giant Venezuela, which is plunged in a political and economic crisis, is facing a contraction of 12%, after shrinking 13% last year, ECLAC said.