Wednesday, November 28th 2012 - 19:02 UTC

Dengue keeps advancing in Latam despite efforts to contain the disease

Dengue continues to claim lives in Latin America with over 400 deaths and nearly 161.000 infection cases according to this year’s reports from the different countries.

The Aedes Aegypti mosquito transmits the virus disease mainly in the rainy season

The disease which is endemic in parts of tropical Latinamerica is caused by a virus transmitted by the mosquito Aedes Aegypti and its symptoms are high fever, headache, vomiting and skin rashes. A more dangerous manifestation is the hemorrhagic strain which has a high mortality rate.

In 2010 the mosquito transmitted disease infected 1.5 million people and caused 1.020 deaths in Latam according to official reports.

So far this year dengue has killed 69 people in Paraguay out of 29.277 confirmed cases, with a mortality rate of 0.21%, but according to Health Minister Antonio Arbo the real contagion may range between 150.000 and 200.000 cases.

These numbers exceed those of 2011 when there were 62 deaths and 42.264 infections were reported. However the disturbing fact for Paraguay is that the disease had no fatal cases reported until 2007 (17 deaths and 9.040 infections) and since then has been expanding.

Although dengue is endemic in certain regions of Brazil, so far this year there has been a 49% reduction in fatal cases: 247 compared to 481 in the same period of 2011, according to an epidemiological report released this week by the Ministry of Health. The Ministry attributes the improved situation to the measures taken to assist the infected with a faster diagnosis and treatment.

According to the latest official health reports from the Dominican Republic, the country recorded 6.838 cases including 114 deaths with a death rate of 0.5%.

The dengue outbreak in Peru, which is present in 15 regions, has caused so far the death of 32 people and infected 21.445 according to a report from the Ministry of Health. As part of its mass media dengue awareness campaign, the Peruvian government declared a 60 days state of emergency in three provinces, fumigated 68.233 homes and implemented a plan with quick medical support for areas where outbreaks of the disease occur.

In Ecuador, where in early 2012 there was a very serious outbreak with 21 deaths and 14.000 infected cases according to the country’s Ministry of Health.

Bolivia has reported 56 cases in recent weeks most of them in counties bordering Brazil with no deaths, said Health minister Victor Maturano. However, the minister said that prevention measures remain in place, in anticipation of the rainy season, including rapid action groups in those areas of the country where the disease is endemic.

A dengue epidemic was declared in Puerto Rico last October and has claimed six deaths so far in 2012 as reported by the Department of Health.

Venezuela reported 40.635 cases of dengue, of which 1.511 hemorrhagic, according to the latest figures released by the Ministry of Health.

In Central America, Honduras reported two deaths and 15.000 infection cases. El Salvador claims five deaths and 12.124 confirmed cases of dengue until November 21 and Panama reports 899 cases and 5 of the fatal hemorrhagic strain. Costa Rica posted no deaths this year although dengue cases so far this year total 16.258, and increase of 36% over 2011. Guatemala and Nicaragua have not specified public information besides the fact that there have been “no dengue related deaths”.

Chile has no reported cased of dengue since the vector mosquito is not present in the country but nevertheless the country has a network of traps for insects and larvae in strategic places to keep control of a possible outbreak of the disease.

Uruguay is free of dengue, less than a dozen cases reported in recent years are exogenous meaning the persons were infected overseas.

Argentina so far this year has not reported any dengue cases although the disease is endemic in certain areas of the tropical north.
 

9 comments Feed

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1 ChrisR (#) Nov 28th, 2012 - 08:24 pm Report abuse
“Argentina so far this year has not reported any dengue cases although the disease is endemic in certain areas of the tropical north.”

Mmmm. But there is no money in it for TMBOA so the poor people can die as they please.
2 British_Kirchnerist (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 12:20 am Report abuse
#1 Or maybe it used to be endemic and under Cristina is being brought under control
3 Troy Tempest (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 07:51 am Report abuse
@2 BK
“ Or maybe it used to be endemic and under Cristina is being brought under control”

Doesn't seem likely - Argentina has no money for containing a disease only affecting the mostly aboriginal population of the north.
CFK is too busy running the country to the ground.
4 ChrisR (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 12:47 pm Report abuse
@2 BLIND_Scottie_Kirchernerist

Have you read this article with your brain turned on, or are you blinded by the awful vision of you shagging TMBOA?

“Argentina so far this year has not reported any dengue cases although the disease IS endemic in certain areas of the tropical north.”

Do you get it now: it IS endemic. All of us in Uruguay KNOW the stupid cow thinks nothing of the nort end of AG - that's to the west of Uruguay.

If WE are not careful we will be shooting dogs as they come across from them, kike UYU has had to do in the past when they came from Brasil.

FYI Dogs are a crucial link in the infection chain, without infected dogs there are no human infections.

You know, you are becoming a real idiot over TMBOA when you post absolute crap like this with no understanding or care for anyone else's situation.

FFS grow up.
5 Troy Tempest (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 03:28 pm Report abuse
@04Chris

BK has come under a lot of fire lately for insensitive posts.

Could that be related to a recent post he made, telling us he said thee things just to antagonise the Brits?

BTW, I think it went unnoticed, but he referred to Argentina as “our country” recently too.

:- D
6 Nostrolldamus The 2nd (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 07:33 pm Report abuse
Do you people realize how DIFFICULT is to have no cases of a disease that is ENDEMIC to a region, due to climate? Especially when you have immediate neighbors to the north (Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil), where the disease is almost every year rampant?

You people don't have a clue do you.

Meanwhile, the USA can't contain a stupid mosquito with West Nile, and that's a disease that is NON-ENDEMIC, meaning that climate conditions are at best neutral (and in the northern USA negative) for propagation. Yet this year was a record with dozens of deaths and tens of thousands of infected.

Go study some basic biology, climatology, and epidemics and then comment you sciolist sophomores.
7 ChrisR (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 08:05 pm Report abuse
@6 Little Child II

Well you may not know much about dengue but I do.

What causes the problem every year are the morons who forget each year to do the necessary spraying BEFORE the water born version emerges as a full mosquito and thus able to infect itself when it sucks blood from (usualyy in Brasil) infected dogs.

Whilst spraying will not stop dengue completely it WILL seriously curtail the numbers of infections and reduce significantly the number of deaths.
8 Troy Tempest (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 10:25 pm Report abuse
Who trusts the reporting of CFK's government, anyway.
To admit there is Dengue Fever would mean they were obligated to react with a program to deal with it.
9 ChrisR (#) Nov 29th, 2012 - 10:36 pm Report abuse
8 Troy Tempest

Exactly!

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