Friday, January 18th 2013 - 23:47 UTC

Controversy in Chile over salmon industry costs, regulations and standards

The recent statements by the CEO of Marine Harvest in Chile generated a rapid reaction of the Minister of Economy, who justified the measures taken to prevent the catastrophic recurrence of a crisis such as the spread of infectious salmon anaemia (ISA).

Economy minister Pablo Longueira. No repeat of the of the ISA crisis again

The general manager of the Norwegian salmon producer subsidiary, Roberto Riethmüller, had stated in an interview that the salmon industry “rather than new regulations, requires more control”. The employer was referring to the number of restrictions imposed after the outbreak of ISA in Chile which sky-rocketed production costs.

“I would like [salmon producers] to say what rules have increased their costs,” said Minister Pablo Longueira in response to the businessman’s statements to Pulso.

“These implementations are absolutely necessary to have efficient regulations that allow us to stabilize the sector and not to repeat the impact we had with the salmon ISA health crisis,” he said.

He recalled joint work between the government and the salmon unions to develop the regulations, such as the density rule. “The sector needs regulation, however it objects the new regulations we are introducing” as authority, Longueira said who insisted “we’ll continue to move forward”.

However the minister did not rule out further contacts during the meeting that the technical team from the Fisheries and Aquaculture Under-Secretary (Subpesca) will hold with representatives of Salmon Industry Association (SalmonChile) in a few days in Puerto Mont.

“We want to have a concession market, with clearly established quality standards so we can sort out the rotten apples and fine them. Today we have increased the fines and I think that a system similar to that applied to the extractive fishing is coming,” he continued.

While last November, the Chilean salmon industry recorded a significant increase in production, and seemed to have left behind the crisis caused by the ISA virus, some envision a not so encouraging scenario because of the prices expected for 2013. (FIS/MP).-
 

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1 yasu (#) Jan 19th, 2013 - 11:02 am Report abuse
We do not need any fish produced in filthy acuacultura way. I buy only naturally grown salmons caught in northern areas of Japan coming from Japan and Russia. They taste different from Norweigean or Chilean salmons, which are fatty without any flavour. In the US, they are talking about monster salmon produced by genetical modification. We do not need such fish, as we have sufficient amounts of food if we do not waste, about 50 to 60% of food being wasted.
2 ManRod (#) Jan 19th, 2013 - 12:30 pm Report abuse
Salmons of Japan and Russia cannot cover the worldwide demand of salmon. Plus not everybody could afford it... and third: if that would happen, Wild salmon in North Russia and Japan would suffer same fate es tuna: (almost) extinction.
Aquaculture is the right path, but it needs improvement. And it is not true that it's of bad quality.
3 yasu (#) Jan 19th, 2013 - 03:30 pm Report abuse
There are salmons in the nothern paicific ocean which are still natural and at a reasonable prices.
Big problems of aquacultur are that fish are literally living with their feces, etc., , that is, in an extremely environments. If more people start to know how unsanitary they are, people will stop buying such fish.
4 GeoffWard2 (#) Jan 19th, 2013 - 07:15 pm Report abuse
No so simple, yasu.

Salmon in sea-cages should be getting flushing of uncontaminated water as currents move the water through the sea-cages, and ova to parr to smolts should be getting continuous and sufficient water change even in land-based tank arrays.
Excessive use of environmental & disease control chemicals (anti-parasite, anti-fouling, etc) can be a problem, but cost of treatment normally means excess treatment is rarely the problem.
Fatty deposits between myotomes attests to badly balanced farm diet management.
Genetic modification of salmonids is ancient, both natural triploidy and tetraploidy, as well as being induced by eg cold shock treatment in the first four cell divisions.
So 'monster' salmon are not so new; but they are our food future for fish. 'Natural' fish are - unforgivably - largely fished out, and we have a hungry world to feed.
5 yasu (#) Jan 19th, 2013 - 10:15 pm Report abuse
I do not want to hear applogists for industries.
Aquaculture of salmon

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Salmon farm in the archipelago of Finland.
Salmon, along with carp, are the two most important fish groups in aquaculture. In 2007, the aquaculture of salmon and salmon trout was worth US$10.7 billion. The most commonly farmed salmon is the Atlantic salmon. Other commonly farmed fish groups include tilapia, catfish, sea bass, bream and trout.

Salmon aquaculture production grew over ten-fold during the 25 years from 1982 to 2007. Leading producers of farmed salmon are Norway with 33 percent, Chile with 31 percent, and other European producers with 19 percent.[1]

There is currently much controversy about the ecological and health impacts of intensive salmon aquaculture. There are particular concerns about the impacts on wild salmon and other marine life. Some of this controversy is part of a major commercial competitive fight for market share and price between Alaska commercial salmon fishermen and the rapidly evolving salmon aquaculture industry.[2]


Contents
[hide] 1 Methods 1.1 Hatcheries
1.2 Sea cages
1.3 Feeding
1.4 Harvesting

2 Wild versus farmed
3 Issues 3.1 Disease and parasites
3.2 Pollution and toxins
3.3 Impact on wild salmon
3.4 Genetic modification
3.5 Impact on forage fish
3.6 Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue

4 Hatch and release
5 Species 5.1 Atlantic salmon
5.2 Salmon trout
5.3 Coho salmon
5.4 Chinook salmon

6 Timeline
7 Notes
8 References
9 Further reading
10 External links


[edit] Methods


Assynt Salmon hatchery, near Inchnadamph in the Scottish Highlands.

A salmon farm which holds yearlings for up to two years. Many hold broodstock for even longer in these conditions to help ensure large, sexually mature adults.

Very young fertilised salmon eggs; notice the developing eyes and vertebral column.

Salmon egg hatching. In about 24hrs it will be a fry without the yolk sac.
Th
6 Pirat-Hunter (#) Jan 20th, 2013 - 07:27 pm Report abuse
Lol sure save the fish so Argentina and The illegal aliens in islas Malvinas Argentina can sell it to Chinese ships and Europeans making a buck on latin America's natural resources. As an Argentine I thank you. “Not”
www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCBOKkQh4Lg&list=PLVsnqjOl38r8u8td01CEbCZQ-lMFbJHK6
7 GeoffWard2 (#) Jan 20th, 2013 - 08:22 pm Report abuse
yasu #5
.... and your point is??
8 yasu (#) Jan 20th, 2013 - 09:25 pm Report abuse
We do not need such poisonous, dangerous fish, as reported in many presses, such dangerous fish transmit diseases to other natural fish, and poison the environment. As to feeding the poor or hungry, we do not need such new technologies as genetically modification, which has brought huge profits to that criminal company in the name of Monsant. However, GM food has been banned in most of Europe, Russia, Japan. Actually about 50% of food has been wasted. For example, just 1/4 of the food wasted in the US, UK and EU can solve the problems of hunger of this world. Also it is to eb noted that lots of hunger was and has been caused by the greedy Western capitalists, which corrupt local officials in Africa, etc., forcing them to abandon cultivation of basic food and to plant so caleld money crop including organge, etc., thereby causing hunger in those countries. In addition, when food prices are cheap, consumers waste such food, especially in the US, UK and EU. If the prices are high, consumers do not waste. For example, food prices are high and therefore consumers do not waste. The waste of food has different causes: for example, many food processors and supermarkets throw away perfectly fine food due to various reasons, one of which is ”shoumi kikan (artificailly imposed period during which food taste best. Actually many food tastes perfectly good one year after that period, excluding fresh fish and vegetables. But once processed, they cab be good for a long time, even as long as 6 to 12 months.
To make a statement of feeding the world hungry is a greedy capitalist tool. They do not care anything about hungry people,THEY ONLY CARE THEIR POCKET. YOU MIGHT BE THEIR APPOLOGIST< OR MIS GUIDED PERSON>
9 GeoffWard2 (#) Jan 21st, 2013 - 06:41 pm Report abuse
Yasu
I am no apologist for the fish farming industry,
just a retired uni. Chartered Environmental Scientist and a research member of the Institute of Fisheries Management .
I have deployed your arguments - and their counter-arguments - in seminars and lectures over many years;
trust me ... no apologist and certainly not misguided.
10 yasu (#) Jan 21st, 2013 - 11:38 pm Report abuse
I appreciate your comment. Please take into various aspects of aquacultura, and also there are plenty of food to feed without using GM technology. We should try to preserve this world for the future generation.

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