President Mauricio Macri on Friday ordered an inquiry to ‘know the truth’ about what happened to Argentina's missing submarine, ARA San Juan, which disappeared with the loss of its 44 crew. The 34-year-old submarine had gone through a refit and was ‘in perfect condition,’ Macri told reporters at the Argentine navy headquarters.
‘My commitment is with the truth,’ he said, adding the tragedy ‘will require a serious, in-depth investigation that will yield certainty about what has happened.’
Argentina's navy has been fiercely criticized for its handling of the operation since first reporting the submarine overdue at its Mar del Plata base on November 16.
The navy took several days to say that the San Juan had reported a problem with its batteries in its final communication on November 15. Only on Thursday did the navy confirm there had been an explosion on board, which experts said was likely linked to the battery problem.
‘Until we have the complete information, we do not have to look for the guilty, to look for those responsible. First we have to have certainty of what happened and why it happened,’ said Macri.
Macri spoke as the search for the San Juan shifted from rescue to recovery on Friday, after navy officials lost hope of finding alive any of the crew, which included the country's first female submarine officer.
‘We have to find the submarine at the bottom of the sea, the area is large, the environment hostile, and the search very difficult,’ said Argentine navy spokesman Enrique Balbi.
Magistrate Marta Yanez has already begun preliminary investigations into the disaster.
She told reporters that unlike a plane, ‘the submarine does not have a black box. The black box is the submarine,’ and it would have to be recovered before the causes of the explosion could be known.
Officially the navy has not declared the loss of the crew, but marine experts believe an explosion would have been catastrophic.
Relatives have focused their anger on the condition of the three-decade-old sub, which had undergone a seven-year refit to extend its service, and the navy's guardedness since the start of the search operation.
In his comments at the navy headquarters, Macri paid tribute to the ‘patriotism, heroism and bravery’ of the San Juan's crew. For all of them and their families, my greatest affection, he said.
To the relatives of the missing submariners he said: The pain is great but we are together, and we are going to travel this road all the way together/
Argentine press reports on Friday said Macri's center-right government was preparing to sack navy chief Srur as part of a purge of top brass in a country where the military is distrusted.
Sociologist Ricardo Rouvier said the submarine drama ‘encompasses the question of the role of the armed forces’ in a country where they are now on the margins of power.
There is also the issue of possible negligence or disinterest by political forces towards investment in the military, Rouvier said.
Macri, however, chose Friday to pay tribute to the navy and the armed forces as a whole. ‘Because they are the ones who have a central responsibility in the life of this country, which is to take care of our country, to take care of all of us,’ he said.
Depths plummet from 200 meters to more than 3,000 meters on the edge of the Argentine shelf, where the sound of the explosion was picked up by hydro-acoustic sensors used by the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization. Experts say the sub would begin to break-up once below depths of around 600 meters.