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Montevideo, October 24th 2016 - 20:06 UTC

Brazil insists in trade agreements and closer ties with Pacific Alliance, despite Mercosur

Friday, August 8th 2014 - 07:59 UTC
Full article 22 comments
“Brazil's trade strategy targets productive integration with Latin America and multilateral agreements with EU US and China” says minister Borges “Brazil's trade strategy targets productive integration with Latin America and multilateral agreements with EU US and China” says minister Borges

Brazil confirmed that it will try to bring forward to 2016 the free trade agreement with Chile, Peru and Colombia, scheduled for 2019 and underlined the need for Mercosur and the Pacific Alliance to converge as part of the region's productive integration process.

 “Brazil's trade strategy targets productive integration with Latin America and multilateral agreements with the European Union, United States and China, the country's main trade partners”, said Mauro Borges, Development, Industry and Foreign Trade minister addressing a trade forum in Rio do Janeiro.

“Brazil can't be an importing country, we need to be vigorously exporters and our trade strategy is to double in a few years our export numbers”, added Borges.

For this purpose the Brazilian commercial policy is based on strengthening relations with South American countries and with those considered the main trading partners such as the EU, US, China and Japan.

To this purpose ”an integral association between Mercosur and the Pacific Alliance (Chile, Peru, Colombia and Mexico) countries is a target and thus “Brazil's proposal to advance to 2016 the opening of a free trade agreement with Colombia, Chile and Peru”.

However it is interesting to point out that the Pacific Alliance also includes Mexico and not a word is mentioned to that respect. In effect Brazil and Mexico, number one and two Latam largest economies are in open competition for leading Latin America, politically and economically, and attracting the most foreign investment.

These last few years the exceptional value of Brazilian commodities and a strong currency turned the country into the leading economy, while Mexico, highly dependent on the US suffered the consequences of the slower growth of the world's number one economy.

But currently the US is rapidly recovering, and so is Mexico with exports to Nafta associates while Brazil is facing several years of poor growth, declining export prices, a less dynamic China and weaker currency. It should not come as a surprise, following the reforms implemented by Mexico that the country could soon become the largest economy in Latin America.

A few weeks ago the Under Secretary for South American affairs in the Brazilian foreign ministry, Antonio Jose Ferreira Simoes advanced the idea of Mercosur closer ties with the Pacific Alliance as official policy.

However he also admitted that in effect closer links and integration depends not only on Brasilia, but also on a consensus from the other members, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela, which is not always readily available. And this despite the growing demands from Brazilian manufacturers and farmers.

In effect during the Mercosur summit in Caracas last month Brazil sponsored the initiative of convergence with the Pacific Alliance, but the issue although in the agenda, “was not addressed”.

Brazil in two months time will be holding presidential elections and Dilma Rousseff is bidding for re-election. The weak Brazilian economy performance has become a campaign issue as has been the constraints that the Mercosur consensus clause puts on Brasilia's attempts to reach trade and investment agreements with third parties.

Uruguay and Paraguay with small economies that need to open to the world support the Brazilian position. Argentina, fighting the world, is rather reluctant.

Top Comments

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  • Anglotino

    Brazil is shackled to Argentina and Venezuela with their myopic governments.

    Thankfully no one in the Pacific Alliance is so encumbered. If such an agreement is put in place (highly likely), you can bet that it will be extremely beneficial to the Pacific Alliance economies which are based on outward and open policies.

    The fact that Ecuador has just signed a trade agreement with the EU and Brazil has been unable to, shows how powerless and restricted Brazil is.

    Aug 08th, 2014 - 08:37 am 0
  • Jack Bauer

    If Brazil wants to really go ahead economically, it's got to put aside all the political ideology bullshit and start to deal with countries that effectively have something to offer. While Rouseff and the PT put their friendship with Argentina and Venezuela above the national interest, Brazil will go nowhere, except down the drain.

    Aug 08th, 2014 - 06:01 pm 0
  • ChrisR

    Brazil has thrown away the chance to become a first world country by sticking with The Dark Country and showing scant regard for the rule of constitutional law as practiced by Paraguay and other correctly governed countries.

    The nonsense with the US over spying and ‘phone tapping showed how shallow Dilma is and how arrogant to think she can operate a system remote from the ‘net but giving her citizens the same opportunities as the www.

    What is it with these cretins that ‘rule’ countries in SA? They can’t all have been dropped on their heads at birth, can they?

    Given the abuse Dilma has shown Mr. Market they have very little chance of expanding exports for the foreseeable future: that takes money and who in their right mind would invest in them with Dilma and The Liar Mantega ‘in charge’? It’s farcical to even imagine it without wholesale fiscal changes and the reining in of the unions.

    Aug 08th, 2014 - 07:03 pm 0
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