Tens of thousands of Spaniards rallied in Madrid to protest against spending cuts and tax rises in a country reeling from high unemployment and a gruelling recession. Teachers, nurses and social services workers thronged the capital's central Plaza Colon a day after Spain said it would present new economic reforms at the end of September likely to contain more austerity measures.
The cuts are seen as a precursor to an economic program which Spain will have to implement in return for receiving support from euro zone rescue funds and the European Central Bank to help lower its borrowing costs.
The demonstrators, from all over Spain, chanted, sang and listened to speeches from union leaders. Some blew whistles and waved banners reading 'Enough!' and 'They're sinking the country' to protest against the spending cuts in health, education and social services.
Others said they feared for the future of their children in a country where one in four is out of work and mired in a second recession in three years.
Spain announced a package of spending cuts and tax hikes worth 56 billion Euros in July but many economists still expect the Euro zone's fourth largest economy to miss its 2012 deficit target.
It has accepted a European credit line of up to 100 billion Euros to prop up its ailing banks as it seeks to avoid a full-blown bail-out which the Euro zone would struggle to afford.
However, most analysts and policymakers believe it is only a matter of time before Spain will require more international help to lower its punishing borrowing costs.
Everyday living costs like heating, phone bills, clothes and haircuts all became more expensive at the start of the month after a hike in value-added tax.
The government is aware that is it asking for sacrifices from Spaniards, but these sacrifices are absolutely unavoidable, Economy Minister Luis de Guindos said at a European finance minister meeting in Cyprus on Saturday.