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The Economist’s country of the year: Uruguay

Thursday, December 26th 2013 - 07:51 UTC
Full article 16 comments
Resilient Ireland, booming South Sudan, tumultuous Turkey: our country of the year is…Uruguay Resilient Ireland, booming South Sudan, tumultuous Turkey: our country of the year is…Uruguay

Human life isn’t all bad, but it sometimes feels that way. Good news is no news: the headlines mostly tell of strife and bail-outs, failure and folly.

 Yet, like every year, 2013 has witnessed glory as well as calamity. When the time comes for year-end accountings, both the accomplishments and the cock-ups tend to be judged the offspring of lone egomaniacs or saints, rather than the joint efforts that characterize most human endeavor. To redress the balance from the individual to the collective, and from gloom to cheer, The Economist has decided, for the first time, to nominate a country of the year.

But how to choose it? Readers might expect our materialistic outlook to point us to simple measures of economic performance, but they can be misleading. Focusing on GDP growth would lead us to opt for South Sudan, which will probably notch up a stonking 30% increase in 2013—more the consequence of a 55% drop the previous year, caused by the closure of its only oil pipeline as a result of its divorce from Sudan, than a reason for optimism about a troubled land. Or we might choose a nation that has endured economic trials and lived to tell the tale. Ireland has come through its bail-out and cuts with exemplary fortitude and calm; Estonia has the lowest level of debt in the European Union. But we worry that this econometric method would confirm the worst caricatures of us as flint-hearted number-crunchers; and not every triumph shows up in a country’s balance of payments.

Another problem is whether to evaluate governments or their people. In some cases their merits are inversely proportional: consider Ukraine, with its thuggish president, Viktor Yanukovych, and its plucky citizens, freezing for democracy in the streets of Kiev, even though nine years ago they went to the trouble of having a revolution to keep the same man out of office. Or remember Turkey, where tens of thousands protested against the creeping autocracy and Islamism of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the prime minister-cum-sultan. Alas, neither movement has yet been all that successful.

Definitional questions creep in, too. One possible candidate, Somaliland, has kept both piracy and Islamic extremism at bay, yet on most reckonings it is not a country at all, rather a renegade province of Somalia—which has struggled to contain either. As well as countries yet to be, we might celebrate one that could soon disintegrate: the United Kingdom, which hasn’t fared too badly, all things considered, since coming into being in 1707, but could fracture in 2014 should the Scots be foolhardy enough to vote for secession.

And the winner is

When other publications conduct this sort of exercise, but for individuals, they generally reward impact rather than virtue. Thus they end up nominating the likes of Vladimir Putin, Ayatollah Khomeini or, in 1938, Adolf Hitler. Adapting that realpolitikal rationale, we might choose Bashar Assad’s Syria, from which millions of benighted refugees have now been scattered to freezing camps across the Levant. If we were swayed by influence per head of population, we might plump for the Senkaku (or Diaoyu) islands, the clutch of barren rocks in the East China Sea that have periodically threatened to incite a third world war—though that might imply their independence, leading both China and Japan to invade us. Alternatively, applying the Hippocratic principle to statecraft, we might suggest a country from which no reports of harm or excitement have emanated. Kiribati seems to have had a quiet year.

But the accomplishments that most deserve commendation, we think, are path-breaking reforms that do not merely improve a single nation but, if emulated, might benefit the world. Gay marriage is one such border-crossing policy, which has increased the global sum of human happiness at no financial cost. Several countries have implemented it in 2013—including Uruguay, which also, uniquely, passed a law to legalize and regulate the production, sale and consumption of cannabis. This is a change so obviously sensible, squeezing out the crooks and allowing the authorities to concentrate on graver crimes, that no other country has made it. If others followed suit, and other narcotics were included, the damage such drugs wreak on the world would be drastically reduced.

Better yet, the man at the top, President José Mujica, is admirably self-effacing. With unusual frankness for a politician, he referred to the new law as an experiment. He lives in a humble cottage, drives himself to work in a Volkswagen Beetle and flies economy class. Modest yet bold, liberal and fun-loving, Uruguay is our country of the year. ¡Felicitaciones

Categories: Politics, International, Uruguay.

Top Comments

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  • ChrisR

    For many years I used to have a subscription to The Economist.

    I got fed up with the double-faced articles and wishy-washy gutless writing of their “experts”, and this is a prime example of the genre.

    Most regular readers on here will know of my disappointment with this old commie and the attributes that The Economist have highlighted are in fact serious failures at the diplomatic level.

    I will make one prediction and it is an obvious one: the drug business will carry on despite the new law if only for the reason that everybody has to get licensed (cost to be announced) and will forever be known as a dope head in their community. This coupled with the gangsters dropping their prices will finish it of.

    Still, he will be out of the presidency soon and good riddance.

    Dec 26th, 2013 - 09:41 am 0
  • DennisA

    “Gay marriage is one such border-crossing policy, which has increased the global sum of human happiness at no financial cost.”

    Increased happiness in one (minority) section of the world community, has been more than counterbalanced by the extreme unhappiness of those taking the opposing view.

    Dec 26th, 2013 - 09:48 am 0
  • Frank

    Oh dear....
    If I didn't live where I live or where I spend the other 6 months of the year I would pick Uruguay.... and yes I have visited both it and most of the other countries of the world that have a sea coast and many that don't.

    You could do a whole lot worse......

    Gay marriage? .... I couldn't give a monkey's either way but can not for the life of me see why people taking the opposing view would be so very very unhappy... most of them are probably Catholic... and with the Catholic hierarchy being a hotbed of illicit arse banditry it makes no sense at all.

    Dec 26th, 2013 - 10:28 am 0
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