Whistleblowers across the European Union have won greater protection under landmark legislation aimed at encouraging reports of wrongdoing. The new law, approved by the European Parliament on Tuesday, shields whistleblowers from retaliation. It also creates safe channels to allow them to report breaches of EU law.
It is the first time whistleblowers have been given EU-wide protection. The rules have previously been in the hands of member states, resulting in a range of vastly different approaches. The law was approved by 591 votes, with 29 votes against and 33 abstentions.
The new legislation gives whistleblowers who report breaches of EU law a high level of protection. It establishes safe channels for reporting the information, both within an organization and to public authorities.
If no appropriate action is taken or in cases where reporting to the authorities would not work, whistleblowers are permitted to make a public disclosure – including by speaking to the media.
The law protects whistleblowers against dismissal, demotion and other forms of punishment. National authorities are required to train officials in how to deal with whistleblowers under the legislation.
The legislation says whistleblowers play a key role in preventing breaches of EU law and protecting society. But, it argues, potential whistleblowers are often discouraged from reporting their concerns or suspicions for fear of retaliation.
We should protect whistleblowers from being punished, sacked, demoted or sued in court for doing the right thing for society, European Commission Vice President Frans Timmermans said.
This will help tackle fraud, corruption, corporate tax avoidance and damage to people's health and the environment.
Transparency International has said the path'breaking legislation will also give employers greater legal certainty around their rights and obligations.
Some high profile leaks include: LuxLeaks: Whistleblowers working for PricewaterhouseCoopers leaked documents exposing favorable tax arrangements offered by Luxembourg to some of the world's biggest companies while European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker was prime minister.
Paradise Papers: Millions of financial documents were leaked, detailing offshore tax-avoidance schemes. The papers revealed details about how the ultra-wealthy secretly invest cash in offshore tax havens.
Cambridge Analytica: The British data analytics company was accused of harvesting the personal data of millions of Facebook users without their consent.
Panama Papers:About 11 million confidential documents were leaked from a Panamanian law firm, showing how it helped clients to launder money, dodge sanctions and evade tax.
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