South Korea's swift handling of the COVID-19 crisis has provided a backdrop for a sharp increase in demand for premium and luxury cars, dealers and officials said, as wealthy people, insulated from many of the pandemic's worst effects, want to show off on the road.
This year will be one of our strongest years, Porsche Korea CEO Holger Gerrmann said as the brand saw sales rise by 46% to 3,433 vehicles as of January-May this year from a year earlier. That compared with 4,285 vehicles in all of 2018, and 4,204 in 2019.
In many ways, experts say, the rising sales of imported cars illustrate the widening wealth gap during the pandemic in South Korea, which already has one of the highest inequality levels among advanced countries.
Despite the COVID-19 outbreak, the monthly average income of the wealthiest 20% of households rose by 6% from January to March, while the poorest 20% of households saw income unchanged.
The strong sales are testament to the rising consumption power of the top class despite the pandemic, said Yang Jun-ho, an economics professor at Incheon National University.
He said rich people benefited from rising stock and property prices, while vulnerable workers at mom-and-pop stores lost their jobs. South Korea's unemployment rate surged to its highest level in more than 10 years in May, government data showed.
But those who can afford it see luxury cars as an alternative to buying property, dealers said.
In the early 2000s, the price of a BMW 320 was the cost of a Gangnam apartment, said Ro Chang-whan, a longtime dealer and exporter of used cars. House prices have gone up enormously since and buying a car is a more realistic choice.
Sales of imported cars priced over 100 million won (US$82,511) jumped 70% to 15,667 vehicles from January to May this year, compared with a year earlier. Sales of small cars made in Korea fell by 10% from January to April, according to the latest data.
Porsche and BMW are so popular that there are not enough of them, said Kim Ryu-bin, a dealer of imported cars.
BMW sales rose 46% to 21,361 vehicles from January to May this year from a year earlier, while Lamborghini sales quadrupled to 115 vehicles during the same period, Korea Automobile Importers & Distributors Association data showed.
South Korea has surpassed the United States as the top country for sales of the BMW 5 series from January to April this year, according to BMW's South Korean unit.
As the virus eases quicker than expected, consumers are going ahead with purchases, said Kim Hyo-hyun, a BMW dealer in the affluent Gangnam district of Seoul.
Sales of Hyundai Motor's premium sedan Genesis G80, priced at roughly US$50,000, surpassed that of the US$30,000 Sonata last month and hit a record high.
While demand is strong, supply constraints due to COVID-19 manufacturing shutdowns in Europe and the United States are expected to slow sales, dealers say.