U.S. President Donald Trump’s pick to run Latin America’s main financing institution appears poised to win the top job in this weekend’s election amid faltering regional opposition to having a U.S. citizen run the bank for the first time in 61 years.
Mauricio Claver-Carone, Trump’s senior Latin America adviser known for his hardline stance on Venezuela and Cuba, has majority support to head the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). But a group of countries, including Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Costa Rica, had appeared close to having the 25% vote needed to block the election.
Some countries that had opposed Claver-Carone’s candidacy now privately concede they do not have the backing they had sought.
An Argentine Foreign Ministry official suggested plans to halt the vote were off the table because “there are not enough willing” member countries to block the U.S. candidate.
The IDB vote has become a geopolitical battle between the Trump administration, which is eager to gain leverage in resource-rich Latin American and counter the rise of China, and some in the region who do not want to lose control of the lender.
The IDB has been led by Latin Americans since its inception in 1959, while the World Bank has historically been led by a U.S. citizen.
Mexico, which was key to blocking the vote, has signaled it will not block the quorum needed to hold the election: “The election is all but decided.”
Asked about Mexico’s position, a senior Trump administration official saids: “Mexico is our friend, neighbor and largest trading partner. We will always have a fluid dialogue across a broad range of issues.
“As regards the IDB specifically, we have asked all member countries to respect the democratic will of the majority for selection of the next president, regardless of their candidate preference,” the official said.
Former Mexico Foreign Secretary Jorge Castañeda wrote in an opinion column that Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador had failed to galvanize opposition to Trump’s nominee.
“Argentina could not block the election by itself; everything was in the hands of Mexico and (the president),” Castañeda wrote. “He chickened out.”
Mexican Deputy Finance Minister Gabriel Yorio admitted the country had been in favor of postponing the vote but that a delay no longer seemed likely.
The Latin American countries that called for a delay held around 22% of the bank’s voting share - shy of the 25% needed to block a quorum on voting day. Argentine officials were hoping European countries would join their efforts and tip the balance.
Argentine Foreign Minister Felipe Sola told a local radio station this week that Europe failed to come through.