Francis has made one of his strongest attacks yet on the global economic system, saying it could no longer be based on a god called money and urged the unemployed to fight for work.
Francis, at the start of a day-long trip to the Sardinian capital, Cagliari, put aside his prepared text at a meeting with unemployed workers, including miners in hard hats who told him of their situation, and improvised for nearly 20 minutes.
I find suffering here ... It weakens you and robs you of hope, he said. Excuse me if I use strong words, but where there is no work there is no dignity.
He discarded his prepared speech after listening to Francesco Mattana, a 45-year-old married father of three who lost his job with an alternative energy company four years ago. Mattana, his voice trembling, told the pope that unemployment oppresses you and wears you out to the depths of your soul.
The crowd of about 20,000 people in a square near the city port chanted what Francis called a prayer for work, work, work. They cheered each time he spoke of the rights of workers and the personal devastation caused by joblessness.
The pope, who later celebrated Mass for some 300,000 people outside the city's cathedral, told them: ”We don't want this globalized economic system which does us so much harm. Men and women have to be at the centre (of an economic system) as God wants, not money.
The world has become an idolater of this god called money,” he said.
Sardinia's coast is famous for its idyllic beaches, exclusive resorts and seaside palatial residences of some of the world's richest people, including former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and a host of Hollywood actors.
But much of the island, particularly its large cities and the vast agricultural and industrial interior, has been blighted by the economic crisis, with factories closed and mines operating at low capacity.