With cat photos and sometimes scathing irony, Mathieu Rebeaud, a Swiss-based researcher in biochemistry, has nearly tripled his Twitter following since the coronavirus pandemic began. With 14,000 followers, he posts almost daily, giving explanations on the latest scientific research and, in particular, aims to fight misinformation that spreads as fast as the virus itself.
He is among a growing number of doctors, academics and institutions who in recent weeks have adapted and amplified their scientific messaging in hopes of countering what has been termed an infodemic - a deluge of information, including widespread false claims, which experts say can pose a serious threat to public health.
To cut through the noise however, it is imperative to work quickly and maximize social media engagement to get simple prevention messages across to the public, according to researchers and specialists.
In the case of the COVID-19 pandemic, conspiracy theories provide complete, simple, seemingly rationalistic and watertight explanations, Kinga Polynczuk-Alenius, a University of Helsinki researcher, said.
This is in stark contrast to the available scientific knowledge - complex, fragmented, changeable and contested - and to the actions of political decision-makers and state authorities, which appear haphazard and self-contradictory, she added.
In February, British medical journal The Lancet warned that the rapid dissemination of trustworthy information was needed most during a period of uncertainty. This includes transparent identification of cases, data sharing and unhampered communication, as well as peer-reviewed research, it said.
Rigorous and time-heavy scientific studies and publications, however, compete with the immediacy of social media and a public often demanding firm and definitive answers.
How do we communicate in this context of radical uncertainty? asked Mikael Chambru, a scientific communication specialist at France's University of Grenoble Alpes.
Jean-Francois Chambon, a doctor and director of communications at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, said he had no choice but to forcefully deny a widely shared video in March accusing the institution of having created the new coronavirus.
The institute created a web page dedicated to educating the public about the virus, Chambon said. We realized that there was a lot of 'fake news' on the subject, he added.
The Pasteur Institute currently has a combined 16,000 new subscribers a month on its social media networks, he said, compared with 4,000 before the pandemic.
Jean-Gabriel Ganascia, chairman of the ethics committee at France's National Centre for Scientific Research, agreed that the scientific community must counterattack in such situations.
Earlier this month, the Red Cross launched what it said was the first global network of social media influencers to battle misinformation and spread lifesaving content about the pandemic.
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