US President Donald Trump's attempt to curb what he says is social media censorship is a political gambit and will not change the legal obligations of companies like Twitter and Facebook, according to legal experts.
An executive order signed by Trump on Thursday directs federal agencies to clarify the scope of a law known as Section 230, which protects Internet companies from liability for illegal content posted by users and allows them to remove lawful but objectionable posts.
Legal experts said it was unclear if the Federal Communications Commission would embrace Trump's view of Section 230 laid out in the order. Even if it does, the agency's regulations will have no binding legal effect on judges who actually have say over the law.
The order is 95% political theatre – rhetoric without legal foundation, and without legal impact, said Daphne Keller, an expert on Internet law at Stanford University.
Marc Randazza, a First Amendment lawyer, said he agreed with Trump's censorship concerns but acknowledged that much of the executive order would not lead to actual reforms.
I think it’s much more of just a leadership statement, or a mission statement, than a blueprint for anything that’s really going to happen, Randazza said.
Trump, a prolific Twitter user, has long claimed that the service and other social media platforms silence conservative viewpoints. He signed the order two days after Twitter for the first time prompted readers to check the facts in tweets sent by Trump, warning that his claims about mail-in ballots were false and had been debunked.
Section 230 contains a provision that allows online platforms like Twitter and Facebook to take down or restrict access to material they determine in good faith to be lewd, excessively violent, harassing, or otherwise objectionable.
Such restrictions on Internet content are generally lawful because the First Amendment of the US Constitution, which protects free speech, only applies to government actors, not private companies.
Alleging that censorship of conservative viewpoints is routine, the draft executive order states that online platforms should not be shielded when they engage in deceptive or pre-textual actions restricting online content.
The order directs the Commerce Department to ask the Federal Communications Commission to clarify the law.
Experts said the analysis of Section 230 in Trump's draft executive order contradicts court decisions that have interpreted the law as providing broad immunity.
A lot of the executive order is bluster, said Kate Klonick, a professor of internet law at St John's University. It basically casts aside 25 years of judicial precedent.