Exiled former Bolivian president Evo Morales called for calm after several hundred right-wing protesters demanded that a “military junta” replace socialist president-elect Luis Arce.
On Monday, hundreds of demonstrators marched to military barracks in the eastern city of Santa Cruz – a right-wing stronghold – and called for military help to prevent the Movement for Socialism (MAS) party from regaining power following a year under conservative Jeanine Anez's interim government.
Morales wrote on Twitter, however, that the constitution is very clear on the role of the armed forces and the Bolivian police: We, as we always have done, will respect them as institutions. He added We must all act calmly in a constitutional way.
Bolivia has been in political crisis for a year after Morales ignored the constitution and stood for and won a fourth successive term as president, even though leaders are limited to two terms.
Following weeks of protest and an Organization of American States (OAS) audit that found clear evidence of fraud, Morales resigned and fled the country and Anez assumed the presidency.
New elections were held on October 18 with Arce -- from Morales' MAS party -- romping to victory. The electoral tribunal, Anez and four observer missions, including the OAS, have all confirmed the election was clean and transparent.
Arce claimed more than 55% of the vote with centrist former president Carlos Mesa a distant second on just under 29%. But Monday's protesters don't trust the result.
I don't want a communist country, said one banner, according to the El Deber de Santa Cruz newspaper. One protester told the newspaper that he wanted a transitional military government until it's possible to hold elections without fraud.
Santa Cruz is the stronghold of right-wing civic leader Luis Fernando Camacho, who led protests against Morales last year and finished third in the recent election with 14%.
Bolivia is waiting to see when Morales will return from exile in Argentina after a judge on Monday lifted a preventative detention order against him over alleged terrorism. On Tuesday he said he will possibly return by November 9.