Advanced economies, including the United States, must avoid pulling back stimulus too quickly given the weak global economic recovery and recent market volatility highlights key risks in some emerging markets, the International Monetary Fund said on Wednesday.
The IMF said there was scope for better coordination of central bank exit plans, something many emerging market policymakers have called for as the Federal Reserve has begun to wind back its US support for the economy.
In a briefing note prepared for upcoming Group of 20 meetings, IMF staff said the outlook for global growth was similar to its last assessment in January, with growth of about 3.75% seen for this year and 4.0% in 2015.
But there were new risks from very low inflation in the Euro zone and emerging markets needed sound economic policies and flexible exchange rates to weather turbulence.
Capital outflows, higher interest rates, and sharp currency depreciation in emerging economies remain a key concern and a persistent tightening of financial conditions could undercut investment and growth in some countries given corporate vulnerabilities, the note said, ahead of meetings of G20 finance ministers and central bank governors in Sydney on Feb 22-23.
Some emerging market policymakers have blamed the Fed for market upsets in January and last year, when the U.S. central bank began to mull withdrawing its stimulus. The Fed has started to slow the pace of its asset purchases, which have been trimmed to 65 billion per month over the last two months.
The IMF said there was scope for better cooperation on unwinding unconventional monetary policy, such as wider central bank discussion of exit plans, and urged the Fed to beware of ending its support too quickly.
With prospects improving, it will be critical to avoid a premature withdrawal of monetary policy accommodation, including in the United States, the IMF said.
In the Euro area, the European Central Bank should ease policy further and the Bank of Japan should do the same if progress toward its 2% inflation target reversed or stalled.
Australian Treasurer Joe Hockey said earlier on Wednesday Australia will use its presidency of the group of advanced and emerging economies to push for agreements on strengthening global growth and to generate ideas on funding public infrastructure.
The IMF said an economic analysis showed implementing a set of structural reforms, including fiscal and labor market changes and infrastructure investment, would add 0.5 percentage points to annual global economic growth over the next five years.
Meantime the latest minutes from the Federal Reserve indicate that the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) decided to maintain the reduction of the monetary stimulus policy “at a moderate rate”.
The FOMC considered that the current market volatility within the emerging markets does not represent a threat for the global economy, nor a considerable impact in the US seems likely.
Unemployment figures were also discussed during the meeting dated January 28-29. In that sense, the board members considered rates were disappointing and mediocre, while some even define it as “an anomaly.”