The United States and Russia clashed on Friday over how to assist ailing Venezuela, with Moscow pledging new relief channelled through President Nicolas Maduro and Washington slapping sanctions over the blocking of US aid it tried to force through the border.
A day after Russia and China vetoed a US and European resolution at the UN Security Council that called for unimpeded aid deliveries, Washington said it was targeting six Venezuelan military officers for stopping last weekend's US-led convoy.
Four people were killed in the melee as Maduro's forces prevented the 178 metric tons of rice, beans and other food from crossing, with the leftist strongman seeing the aid as a pretext for a US-led invasion.
We are sanctioning members of Maduro's security forces in response to the reprehensible violence, tragic deaths and unconscionable torching of food and medicine destined for sick and starving Venezuelans, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement.
The six include Major-General Richard Jesus Lopez Vargas, the commander of the Venezuelan National Guard. The sanctions freeze any assets in the United States and penalize US financial dealings with the officials.
The United States also revoked the visas of dozens more officials and their families, said Elliott Abrams, the US special representative on the crisis.
Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó, whom Washington has recognized as interim president, had hoped to triumph in bringing in the stockpiles of food, which the United States coordinated with Colombia and Brazil.
Guaidó has said that 300,000 people could die without an influx of aid into Venezuela. The United Nations says 3.3 million Venezuelans have fled since 2015 as the socialist economy crumbles, with basic supplies out of reach to the masses.
More than 50 countries recognize Guaidó as Venezuela's president - but Maduro enjoys strong support from Russia, which is eager to challenge US interventionism, as well as China, which is concerned over the fate of billions of dollars Beijing has lent to Caracas.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, receiving Venezuelan Vice-President Delcy Rodriguez in Moscow, said Russia was stepping up shipments of wheat and was considering sending more medical supplies after shipping 7.5 tons worth.
We are very closely cooperating and coordinating all our steps in the international arena, Lavrov said. This has acquired special significance now that Venezuela is facing a frontal attack and unabashed interference in its domestic affairs, he said.
Abrams, the US envoy, charged that Maduro's forces would turn Russian aid into a political weapon by providing it only to supporters.
Obviously, we are in favor of giving humanitarian assistance to Venezuela; we are not in favor of giving it to this corrupt regime, Abrams told reporters in Washington.
Lavrov voiced hope that international pressure would cool hotheads in Washington who he said are seeking military intervention in Venezuela.
He alleged that the United States was planning to buy small arms, mortar launchers, and shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles from an Eastern European country and station them close to Venezuela.
Speaking to reporters in Brasilia on Thursday, Guaidó said he would return home at the latest on Monday despite threats to arrest him. Abrams said that the United States was very concerned about Guaido's ability to return home safely and warned of a very large reaction if he is arrested.