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Montevideo, May 10th 2021 - 02:23 UTC

 

 

Trump's tariffs puts Brazil's Bolsonaro and Argentine president elect Fernandez in the same boat

Thursday, December 5th 2019 - 09:55 UTC
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The Brazilian far-right leader has already said Alberto Fernandez would turn his country into “the Venezuela of the south.” The Brazilian far-right leader has already said Alberto Fernandez would turn his country into “the Venezuela of the south.”
Fernandez antagonized Bolsonaro by championing the release of Lula from prison, and the Brazil president will snub Fernandez's inauguration in Buenos Aires Fernandez antagonized Bolsonaro by championing the release of Lula from prison, and the Brazil president will snub Fernandez's inauguration in Buenos Aires
Mercosur 55th summit has more immediate concerns after US President Trump decided to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum from Argentina and Brazil Mercosur 55th summit has more immediate concerns after US President Trump decided to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum from Argentina and Brazil
Trump accused them of manipulating their currencies to gain an unfair advantage for agricultural exports, thereby hurting US farmers.
Trump accused them of manipulating their currencies to gain an unfair advantage for agricultural exports, thereby hurting US farmers.

The South American four-nation trade bloc Mercosur began a tense meeting on Wednesday reeling from US steel and aluminium tariffs and a spat between its two biggest members. Foreign ministers of Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay opened the two-day meeting in the southern Brazilian town of Bento Goncalves, paving the way for a head of state summit on Thursday.

Recent elections have laid bare ideological tensions between Brazil and Argentina, threatening to hamper ratification of June's historic Free Trade Agreement with the European Union.

Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro said Buenos Aires had “much more” to lose in case of tensions with Brasilia than vice-versa, but he would focus on “pragmatism” in his dealings with Argentina's incoming leftist president Alberto Fernandez.

The far-right leader has already said Fernandez would turn his country into “the Venezuela of the south.”

Fernandez antagonized Bolsonaro by championing the release of Lula da Silva from prison, and the Brazil president will snub Fernandez's inauguration in Buenos Aires next Tuesday, having dubbed him a “red bandit.”

“Argentina took a left turn. We are going to rely on pragmatism. If we fight, we all lose, but Argentina loses much more,” Bolsonaro said.

The bloc's 55th summit - the last for Argentina's market-friendly President Mauricio Macri - has more immediate concerns however, coming in the aftermath of US President Donald Trump's decision on Monday to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum from Argentina and Brazil.

Trump accused them of manipulating their currencies to gain an unfair advantage for agricultural exports, thereby hurting US farmers.

Both countries stepped in to replace US exports of soybeans and other agricultural goods to China, benefiting from the US trade war with the Asian giant.

Longer term, the tension between South America's two biggest markets has concerned business leaders in both countries, particularly given their economic interdependence.

No date has yet been set for the first meeting between Bolsonaro and Fernandez, who takes office on Dec 10.

Brazil is Argentina's largest trading partner, and Argentina is Brazil's third-largest, behind China and the United States.

Brazil has even threatened to leave Mercosur, worried that Fernandez, who inherited a serious economic crisis from Macri, will fall back on protectionism.

“We still don't know whether the Brazilian government really intends to leave Mercosur or whether its statements are a way of putting pressure on Argentina to adopt a more liberal stance on international trade,” said Mauricio Santoro, of the international relations department at the State University of Rio de Janeiro.

Trump's announcement that he was imposing tariffs has put the two countries in the same boat.

“That decision should bring Brazil and Argentina together. The tensions are not to their advantage,” said Rubens Barbosa, head of Brazil's Institute of International Relations and Foreign Trade. “We will see if this can be settled at the Mercosur meeting,” he said.

At the summit, the four countries are to sign a border police cooperation agreement to prosecute fugitive criminals. They will also discuss the reduction of the Common External Tariff and the increase in the rate of imports from third countries.

It will be Argentine president Mauricio Macri's last Mercosur summit, and also for Uruguay's Tabare Vazquez who will attend with president elect Luis Lacalle Pou.

Top Comments

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  • golfcronie

    Better row together, who knows where you will end up if not.

    Dec 05th, 2019 - 12:53 pm 0
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