Officials from the world's largest emerging nations launched on Tuesday the New Development Bank (NDB), the second of two new policy banks heavily backed by Beijing that are being pitched as alternatives to existing institutions such as the World Bank. Also known as the BRICS bank, it follows soon after the establishment of the China-led Asian Investment Infrastructure Bank (AIIB).
Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday that a new BRICS bank would become fully operational and finance energy projects next year as emerging markets attempt to challenge the Western-dominated financial system. BRICS nations -- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa -- which represent 40% of the world's population, agreed in 2013 to establish their own development bank, with estimated capital of $100 billion.
Argentina signed deals on Friday to borrow 7.5 billion dollars from China at a time when Buenos Aires cannot access global capital markets because of disputes over unpaid debt. Beijing also extended a three-year agreement for an 11bn swap operation between the central banks of Argentina and China.
The first president of the BRICS group New Development Bank will be from India and the position will rotate every five years among Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, said a joint statement from the leaders said.
The leaders of the group of five BRICS emerging market countries signed on Tuesday a deal to create a new development bank and an emergency reserve fund, Brazil's President Dilma Rousseff announced at a summit of the group in the Brazilian city of Fortaleza.
Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff and her Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin have restated their aim of doubling bilateral trade between the two nations to a value of 10 billion dollars a year, in a meeting held a day before the sixth summit of the BRICS group on Tuesday.