As anticipated by the Federal Reserve's report earlier this week, US economic growth braked sharply in the fourth quarter as businesses stepped up efforts to reduce an inventory glut and a strong dollar and tepid global demand weighed on exports.
GDP increased at a 0.7% annual rate, the Commerce Department said on Friday, as lower oil prices continued to undermine investment by energy firms and unseasonably mild weather cut into consumer spending on utilities and apparel.
The growth pace was in line with economists' expectations and followed a 2% rate in the third quarter. The economy grew 2.4% in 2015 after a similar expansion in 2014.
But some of the impediments to growth - inventories and mild temperatures - are temporary and the economy is expected to snap back in the first quarter. Excluding inventories and trade, the US economy grew at a 1.6% pace.
Nevertheless, the GDP report could spark a fresh wave of selling on the stock market, which has been roiled by fears of anemic growth in both the United States and China.
The Federal Reserve on Wednesday acknowledged that growth slowed late last year, but also noted that labor market conditions improved further. The Fed, the US central bank, raised interest rates in December for the first time since June 2006. Though the Fed has not ruled out another hike in March, financial markets volatility could see that delayed until June.